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Saudi Arabia e-Invoicing: Phase I QR Code vs. Phase II QR Code

Updated on :  

08 min read.

Zakat, Tax, and Customs Authority (ZATCA) (earlier known as GAZT) has implemented Phase I of e-invoicing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) from 4th December, 2021. Also, they plan to implement Phase II from 1st January 2023. In the e-invoicing resolution, ZATCA mentioned that all the e-invoicing applicable taxpayers must generate Quick Response (QR) codes and print them on invoices.

ZATCA clarified that QR code is optional for B2B invoices during Phase I and mandatory during Phase II. However, it is mandatory for B2C invoices in both phases. The fields of a QR code differ based on the type of invoice.

So, to give you a summarised view of the applicability of the QR code fields, we have listed them based on the type of invoice and the phase of e-invoicing.

23rd December 2022
ZATCA announced that the businesses in KSA with greater than SAR 500 million turnover fall under the second targeted group under phase 2 of e-invoicing, and they must integrate their ERP/POS by 1st July 2023.

What is an e-invoice QR code?

A QR code is a type of matrix barcode with a pattern of black and white squares and should be readable by a QR code scanner or the camera of smart devices. However, the e-invoice QR code contains basic invoice data, which can be readable only using the ZATCA app, as explained at the end of this article.

Phase I QR Code vs. Phase II QR Code

The below table summarises the applicability of QR code fields:

Edit
QR code fieldsTax Invoices
(B2B & B2G transactions)
Simplified Tax Invoices
(B2C transactions)
Phase IPhase IIPhase IPhase II
Seller’s nameOptionalMandatoryMandatoryMandatory
VAT registration number of the sellerOptionalMandatoryMandatoryMandatory
Timestamp of the electronic invoice or credit/debit note (date and time)OptionalMandatoryMandatoryMandatory
Electronic invoice or credit/debit note total (with VAT)OptionalMandatoryMandatoryMandatory
VAT totalOptionalMandatoryMandatoryMandatory
Hash of XML electronic invoice or credit/debit noteOptionalMandatoryNAMandatory
Cryptographic stamps generated by ZATCA’s platform for integrated tax invoices and associated credit/debit notesNAMandatoryNANA
Cryptographic stamp generated by the taxpayer’s e-Invoice generating solutionNANANAMandatory
The public key of the ZATCA platform, which is used to generate the cryptographic stampNAMandatoryMandatoryMandatory
The public key of the e-invoice generating solution, which is used to generate the cryptographic stampNANAMandatoryMandatory

(NA stands for Not Applicable)

How to verify the validity of e-invoice in KSA?

The QR code must be present in the human-readable format on the printed invoice to validate it. Accordingly, ZATCA released a mobile application (app) to verify the authenticity of the e-invoices generated by sellers.

You can go through our article on validating QR codes on ZATCA invoices to know the steps to download and use the VAT app and how to use it.

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